Imagine purchasing a property with another person, where you both have a shared ownership interest. This arrangement is known as a Tenant in Common (TIC) agreement. Such agreements can be a fantastic way to invest in real estate but have potential pitfalls. This article will delve into the essential tips that can help you craft a solid Tenant in Common agreement, ensuring a smooth and successful co-ownership experience.

Clearly Define Ownership Shares

The foundation of any TIC agreement lies in clearly defining the ownership shares. Determining each owner’s percentage of interest in the property determines their rights and responsibilities. By explicitly outlining this information, you can prevent miscommunication and disputes.

Establish Rules for Decision-Making

A well-crafted agreement should include rules for decision-making. Specify how major decisions will be made, such as property maintenance, repairs, or selling the property. Establishing a fair and transparent process can help avoid conflicts and ensure that all owners have a say in important matters.

Allocate Financial Obligations

Financial obligations are a vital aspect of such an agreement. Determine how expenses related to the property, such as mortgage payments, taxes, insurance, and maintenance costs, will be divided among the co-owners. Clearly defining these financial responsibilities can prevent disputes and ensure each owner contributes their fair share.

Outline Usage and Access Rights

It’s important to outline each co-owner’s usage and access rights to avoid potential conflicts. Determine how the property will be used, whether it will be a primary residence, rental property, or vacation home. Additionally, establish guidelines for scheduling and access to common areas, ensuring everyone’s needs and expectations are addressed.

Plan for Conflict Resolution

Even the most well-intentioned co-owners may face conflicts or disagreements. To mitigate potential issues, including a conflict resolution process in your TIC agreement is wise. This could involve mediation or arbitration, providing a fair and impartial method for resolving disputes, should they arise.

Consider Exit Strategies

Life circumstances can change, and one or more co-owners may want to exit the TIC agreement at some point. Including exit strategies in the agreement can help navigate these situations smoothly. Options may include the right of first refusal, buyout provisions, or even selling the property and dividing the proceeds.

Consult Legal and Financial Professionals

Crafting a solid agreement is a complex task that requires legal and financial expertise. It’s highly recommended to consult with professionals experienced in real estate law and taxation. They can provide valuable guidance, ensuring your agreement is legally sound and tailored to your needs.

Create a Contingency Plan

Including a contingency plan in your TIC agreement can help mitigate potential risks and ensure the smooth operation of the co-ownership arrangement. Consider addressing scenarios such as the incapacitation or death of one or more co-owners. Determine how the ownership shares would be transferred or managed in such situations and whether there are any restrictions on transferring ownership to outside parties.


A well-crafted Tenant in Common agreement is essential for the successful co-ownership of a property. Clearly defining ownership shares, decision-making processes, financial obligations, and usage rights can prevent disputes and ensure a harmonious co-ownership experience. Remember to plan for conflict resolution, consider exit strategies, and seek professional advice to ensure your agreement complies with legal requirements. With these tips in mind, you’ll be on your way to crafting an agreement, minimizing the risk of future complications, and maximizing the benefits of co-ownership.