Do you experience an unpleasant sensation while brushing your teeth? Do you notice your gums bulging outward? If so, then it’s normal.

When your gums experience inflammation, it can be very unpleasant. It not only feels bad, it actually causes damage.

Thus, it’s important that you solve the underlying problem. Otherwise, it can eventually cause more issues.

Fortunately, you’ve come to the right place. In this article, we’ll discuss the most common root causes of swollen and painful gums. That way, you know what to look for in your oral health.

Keep reading!

1. Gingivitis

Gingivitis is a common root cause of swollen and painful gums. It is an inflammation of the gums caused by a buildup of plaque.  As a result, the gums swell and bleed easily. Other symptoms of gingivitis include red, swollen gums, bad breath, tenderness when brushing, and receding gums.

If left untreated, gingivitis can develop into periodontitis, a more severe form of gum disease. To reduce the risk of developing gingivitis, it is important to practice good oral hygiene, including brushing twice daily and flossing at least once daily.

2. Periodontitis

Periodontitis is a severe form of gum disease that is caused by a bacterial infection in the gums. One of the most common root causes of gum swelling and discomfort due to periodontitis is a buildup of plaque and tartar on the teeth. Plaque is a film of bacteria that coats the tooth surface, while tartar is a hard substance made up of minerals and bacteria that forms when plaque is not removed.

When a person has periodontitis, plaque, and tartar can accumulate between their teeth and under their gums, causing irritation to the gums. Other root causes of gum swelling and discomfort due to periodontitis include poor oral hygiene, smoking, genetics, certain medications, and underlying medical conditions. 

3. Gum Infection

Gum infection is caused by bacterial growth, often resulting from improper oral hygiene. Symptoms of gum infection include redness, swelling, tenderness, bleeding gums, and bad breath. If left untreated, the infection can lead to periodontal disease, in which the gums detach from the teeth and the underlying bone structure begins to deteriorate.

In some cases, gum infection can cause gum abscesses, which are painful sacs of pus that form around the teeth. By visiting the top dentist in my area regularly, one can prevent gum infection and the associated swelling and discomfort.

4. Allergic Reactions

These allergies can range from mild irritation to severe reaction. Common allergens that trigger an immune response within the gums include harsh chemicals, such as toothpaste with sodium lauryl sulfate, fluoride, and preservatives. Additionally, some oral care products contain fragrances, flavors, and other ingredients that could cause an allergic reaction.

Nicotine and certain foods, such as nuts and fruit, are known allergens that can cause gum inflammation. In the event that you experience gum discomfort and swelling, it is important to reach out to your healthcare provider for professional advice on how to best address these symptoms.

Brush And Floss Regularly To Prevent Swollen And Painful Gums

Swollen and painful gums can be caused by a variety of things and can range from minor to serious. This dentist who does the best dental implants in Arlington also adds that you should include a good amount of iron and vitamin C in your diet as these two will keep your gums healthy and strong. Taking proper care of your oral hygiene and checking in with your dentist regularly is the best way to keep your teeth and gums healthy. If swelling or discomfort is persistent, book an appointment with your dentist to get it checked out.

Interested in learning more? Then be sure to visit our website for more answers to your questions.